Key Terms

Crime: an offence that is punishable by law, e.g. theft

Duty: a moral or legal obligation

Responsibility: a duty to care for a having control over someone or something

Conscience: the inner feeling you are doing right or wrongconscience (2)

Crime against the person: wrongdoing that directly harms a person, e.g. murder or assault

Crime against property: damaging items that belong to somebody else, e.g. vandalism

Crime against the state: an offence aimed at damaging the government or a country, e.g. treason

Religious Offence: an offence against religion, e.g. blasphemy, sacrilege

Punishment: something done to a person because they have broken a law

Protection: keeping the public from being harmed, threatened or injured by criminalsgandhi

Retribution: an aim of punishment – to get your own back: ‘an eye for an eye’

Deterrence: an aim of punishment – to put people off committing crimes

Reform: an aim of punishment – to change someone’s behaviour for the better

Vindication: an aim or punishment that means offenders must be punished to show that the law must be respected and is right

Reparation: an aim of punishment designed to help an offender to put something back into society

Forgiveness: showing grace and mercy and pardoning someone for what they have done wrong

imprisonmentRepentance: being truly sorry and trying tom change one’s behaviour so as not to do the same again

Young Offender: a person under 18 who has broken the law

Imprisonment: when a person is put in jail for committing a crime.

Prison reform: a movement that tries to ensure offenders are treated humanely in prison

Death Penalty: capital punishment; form of punishment in which a prisoner is put to death for crimes committed

Community Service: unpaid work that an offender performs for the benefit of the local community rather than going to prison

Electronic Tagging: an offender has to wear an electronic device which tracks their movement to ensure restrictions of movement are fixed-penalty-noticeobserved

Fine: money paid as punishment for a crime or other offence

Probation: an alternative top prison where an offender has to meet regularly with a probation officer to ensure they do not reoffend. Movement may be restricted.

Parole: when a prisoner is released without having completed their sentence, because they have behaved well and accepted their guilt. The prisoner is monitored to try to ensure they do not re-offend

Life Imprisonment: a prison sentence that (theoretically) keeps a person in prison until they die

Early Release: when a prisoner is allowed out of prison even though they have not completed their sentence, or fulfilled the criteria for getting parole

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