According to the book of Genesis from the Bible, life was created by God. Obviously the account depends on the interpretation, but if it is taken as completely true then Humanity were the last to be created in the image of God.
The Theory of Evolution:
Evolution argues against the creation story and argues that humanity has evolved from primitive beings, such as apes, which have evolved from others before it.
Charles Darwin and then afterwards, Jean – Baptiste Lamarck are both involved in the development of the evolution theory.
Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882) argues that in every species there will always be those who do not survive because they are not strong enough. Those who do survive will have adapted themselves (see the Finches) in order to survive. As time goes on less and less of the species will die and more of them will have adapted to survive. Darwin termed this as ‘natural selection’ and published this theory in On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection in 1859.
Jean–Baptiste Lamarck (1744 – 1829)agrees with Darwin that species have adapted to survive in the environment and that by evolving they become more complicated beings until eventually you get humanity.
He also provides two other points to Darwin’s theory;
- 1. A species’ organs will change according to their requirement. For example, an organ that is necessary for survival, such as the heart, will grow larger and stronger over time. However, the organs that are unnecessary will grow smaller and weaker until they are no longer required and will cease to exist.
- His second conclusion was that animals will inherit features that are necessary for survival from their predecessors. For example, a giraffe’s neck did not start off long, this evolved over generations.