This topic compares and contrasts science and religion, trying to see how similar or different the two are. It particularly looks at two key issues – the origins of the universe, and the origins of life.
- scientific truth versus religious truth – what each truth is, including examples, and how it is derived;
- the issue of an evolving, changing truth versus an absolute truth;
- the issue of compatibility, including the question of whether these types of truth answer the same
- why society seems to favour science over religion in the modern world, and the impact of this.
Scientific versus religious truth through the following two foci:
- origins of the universe – Big Bang versus Genesis 1 creation story;
- interpretations of religious creation stories, and whether this affects their compatibility with scientific theory;
- the Cosmological revolution (development of the round earth theory, and the universe with the sun as its focal point);
- the challenge the Cosmological revolution posed for religious belief in the late Middle Ages.
- origins of life – creation versus evolution;
- design versus evolution;
- Darwin’s reliance on God to make evolution work;
- to what extent science and religion can agree;
- how evolutionary theory – when first put forward by Darwin – was a challenge to religious belief;
- the question of whether humans were created or evolved, and its impact on human attitudes and behaviour within society and to the rest of the world generally.
Faraday Schools Website – videos and games on the topic of science and religion.